Mtskheta is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. People lived in this area for some time before 1000 BC when capital of the Kingdom of Iberia was today’s Eastern Georgia. At the confluence of Mtkvari and Aragvi rivers and within twenty kilometers of Tbilisi, there is a city located on an ancient commercial route.
Archaeologists have discovered major evidence for Mtskheta being a major business opportunity. Perfume glasses, Greek inscriptions, pottery, metal and jewelry have been discovered in the area, many of which are on display at the City Museum.
The great Greek geographer, Strabo has mentioned the city as a developed one with a large water supply system, markets and stone houses.
Mtskheta was the religious center of the country with a few pilgrimage sites in it. Although the capital in the sixth century AD was moved to Tbilisi, but the city still has its own attractions and is the burial place of Georgian kings. Today, this lovely old town transfers the feeling of generations past to the tourists as well.
Moreover, you can also travel to other art of Georgia, for instance Gori tourism places, where there are more unique landscapes as well as monuments for you to explore.
1. Svetitskhoveli Cathedral
This is a Georgian masterpiece dating back to the eleventh century which has served for hundreds of years as religious center of the country. The complex includes a church, a gate, a bell tower, castles and a spiritual residence.
The cloak of Christ and the Prophet Elias both have been preserved at Svetitskhoveli Cathedral. The tomb of the founder of Tbilisi, King Vakhtang Gorgasali is located inside this building. This Cathedral is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
2. Monastery of St. Nino
This monastery is on the city center of Mtskheta and it dates back to the eleventh century.
From this sacred place, Saint Nino Cappadocia preached to the people of Georgia. The first Christian king of Mirian, Queen Nana and the Assyrian father Abibos Nekreseli are all buried here. This collection includes the Cathedral, St. Nino Church as well as a bell tower and a citadel wall.
3. Museum of Archaeology
This museum has preserved National and international archaeological works. A wide range of bronze, late medieval and ethnographic pieces are also on display at the museum.
4. Bebristsikhe castle
Bebristsikhe castle is located in North of Mtskheta and on the right bank of the Aragui River. This castle was called BELTA in ancient times. The Bebristsikhe Castle was built in antiquity and has a total area of 1500 square meters and an inner courtyard of about 600 square meters.
5. Jvari Monastery
Georgian Orthodox Monastery was made on an opposing hill of Mtskheta and at the intersection of Aragvi and Mtkvari rivers.
Shortly after the conversion to Christianity, King Mirian III built a huge wooden crossing at this location. In the second half of the sixth century, Guaram ruler Kartli, built a small church next to the Holy Cross. The church is listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
It is an archaeological and historical is located monument along the way Mtskheta-Tbilisi highway. This building was declared Armazi idol, the great god, by the King Parnavaz. Archaeological findings in the territory Armaztsikhe includes sections of walls, towers, the royal residence’s structure and burial vault. The locals call recognize this building as Bagineti.
7. Armazi Castle
Armazi, in terms of its age and size, is one of the most important castles to be found in this country. At present, the remainder of the castle occupies 30 hectares of the area. The castle was used to control the roads.
8. Shio-Mgvime Monastery
This monastery is located 8 km away from Mtskheta and on the left bank Mtkvari River. It was built in the second half of the sixth century by one of Assyrian ancestor named Shio.
The complex includes facilities for various periods including the Cave Church, St John the Baptist Church, a bell tower, Shio Church, St Mary’s Cathedral with towers, caves, dining hall, water tanks, clergy houses and the Ascension Church.
This complex is located at 6 km south of Village of Saguramo above the mountain covered in deep forests. The collection includes St. John the Baptist Church, the castle and the monastic cave cells.
10. Ilia Chavchavadze Saguramo State Museum
The museum’s collection includes accommodation, auxiliary buildings and the famous Georgian author’s grapes gardens. The museum holds memorial items and manuscripts of the author, portraits of famous 19th-century Georgian figures and photos of the time.
For further incredible sights in Georgia, you can check out travel guide Georgia page and explore this beautiful country in a more detailed manner.